Monday, January 23, 2017

COPLAS Y FANDANGOS DE LA COSTA CHICA DE MEXICO. Estudio de Manuel Apodaca


Año XVI / números 1 y 2
enero-diciembre de 2016



Resumen. Este artículo explora rasgos de identidad cultural y de género en la Costa Chica de México a través del análisis de coplas y fandangos populares que combinan música, danza y tradición oral entre otros: el son de artesa, la chilena y los versos de boda. El corpus de oralitura o literatura oral que aquí se muestra refleja un continuo hibridismo en la cultura de esta región, a la vez que sirve para perfilar la identidad cultural de los afrodescendientes de la Costa Chica que, aunque posee características únicas, no es ajena al resto de las culturas derivadas de la diáspora africana en el continente americano. Con el apoyo de la teoría postcolonial y los estudios culturales, se analiza la data etnográfica recolectada por el autor en varias comunidades afromexicanas de Oaxaca y Guerrero.



Friday, June 19, 2015

EL FANDANGO DE ARTESA Y EL RESURGIMIENTO DE UNA TRADICIÓN AFROMEXICANA


De antecedentes coloniales, el fandango de artesa es la costumbre de bailar sobre una plataforma de madera con terminación labrada con cabeza y cola de caballo, toro o vaca en fiestas de comunidades afrodescendientes de la Costa Chica de Guerrero y Oaxaca. Baile en San Nicolás Tolentino. Foto INAH.

Ver el artículo completo en:
http://www.inah.gob.mx/boletin/5-actividades-culturales/7486-el-fandango-de-artesa-y-el-resurgimiento-de-una-tradicion



























Tuesday, December 3, 2013

ALARA Statement on Revoked Dominican Citizenship


“El exceso de población de Haití constituye, por tanto, una amenaza creciente para la  República Dominicana.” -- (Joaquín Balaguer, La isla al revés:  Haití y el
destino dominicano)
 
“The excess of inhabitants from Haiti constitute, therefore, a growing threat for the Dominican Republic.”  -- (Joaquín Balaguer, The Inside Out Island:  Haiti and the Dominican Destiny)

The Afro/Latin American Research Association (ALARA) is fully committed to the promotion of ethnic and racial equality.  To that end, ALARA finds the 30 September 2013 Ruling Sentence 168/13 of the Constitutional Court of the Dominican Republic to revoke citizenship from thousands of people of Haitian descent living in the Dominican Republic to be an aggressive and egregious act of anti-Haitian sentiment, xenophobia, and racism. 

This recent change to national policy and its incumbent ripple effect on this population’s ability to access social services and the public education system are uncomfortably similar to the words written by seven-time Dominican president Joaquín Balaguer in his 1983 anti-Haitian diatribe, “La isla al revés:  Haití y el destino dominicano.”  ALARA considers Balaguer’s book to be a thinly veiled anti-Haitian manifesto intended to rest the Dominican Republic’s social, political, and econonic ills squarely at the feet of Haitians and those of Haitian descent residing near the border between the two countries.

 The ALARA membership considers this sweeping revocation of citizenship by the Dominican Constitutional Court to be a shocking expansion of previous Dominican efforts to “dominicanize” its territory.  Notably, this ruling comes exactly 76 years after the Dominican Republic’s most brutal “dominicanization” undertaking known as “Operación Perejíl.”  In this October 1937 campaign near the Dominican-Haitian border, residents were shown a sprig of parsley and asked to pronounce the herb, which served as a shibboleth to distinguish between Haitians and Dominicans.  Those thought to be Dominicans passed the test and lived.  Those thought to be Haitians failed the test and were killed by armed soldiers. 

 ALARA considers the recent action by the Dominican Constitutional Court to be a dangerous and irresponsible encroachment on human rights, as was the violent massacre of 1937. Thus, ALARA firmly stands with those in the Dominican Republic and the wider international community who seek to end all manners of violence against and marginalization of Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian descent residing in the Dominican Republic. 

Tuesday, June 11, 2013

SARANDUNGA: A POPULAR AFRO-DOMINICAN TRADITION IN LA VEREDA DE BANI


San Juan Bautista's Day is near, June 24th. To the Afro-Dominicans of la La Vereda, Pueblo Arriba and Fundación de Peravia this is the time for the main celebration of the year. The Cofradia of San Juan Bautista, formed by sisters and brothers of these three communities, dates back to colonial times when African maroons running away from the sugar cane plantations momentarily stopped to take a breath at the hills of the province of Bani before heading to the Sierra of Nayba and Bahoruco. They used to play drums warning other enslaved runaway Africans  about the distance of the enemy behind them. During leisure time they distracted themselves playing, singing, and dancing. Thus, a unique type of music and dance called SARANDUNGA was born together with a ceremonial tradition that mixes Catholic with African Vodou religions. Today's Sarandunga is proudly celebrated as a communal fest of identity and resistance on three different days and communities to commemorate not only their Saint, San Juan Bautista, but also their cultural heritage and freedom.
These are some pictures of last year Sarandunga at La Vereda de Baní, as I witnessed it and happily enjoyed.

 







Thursday, January 31, 2013